1997 Fellowship Programme
1997 Conference Programme

The West and Islam: clashpoints and dialogues
Ethnic conflict in the wider Europe: Causes, preventions, and cures
Study tour of South Africa and Namibia: The challenges of political and economic reconstruction into the 21st century

The West and Islam: clashpoints and dialogues
Download Dr Abdel Wahab el Messiri's Introductory Paper
Download Edward Mortimer's Introductory Paper

  • Forte Grand Hotel, Giza, near Cairo,
  • 15 - 23 February 1997

Senior Fellows

Dr Abdel Wahab el Messiri Ain Shams University, Cairo
Edward Mortimer The Financial Times


Introductory Address
Dr Ahmed Kamal AboulMagd International Jurist, Professor of Law, Cairo University
The pains of modernisation
Julie Polter Sojourners Magazine
The Limits of Secularism
Prof John Keane University of Westminster
Religion and the state comparisons of their inter-relation in Western and Islamic societies, and of the legitimacy of the use of force
Dr Basheer Nafi University of Reading
Relations Between the Islamic World and the West
Mohammed Sid Ahmed Journalist
What are the prospects for democracy in the Western and in the Muslim worlds?
Dr Ahmet Davutoglu Foundation for Science and Arts, Istanbul;
Prof Saad Eddin Ibrahim Director, Ibn Khaldoun Centre, Cairo
Muslims in the West and non-Muslims in Islamic societies
Prof Gilles Kepel Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Paris

Advertised Synopsis

Mutual perceptions of Western and Islamic countries have been clouded through the centuries by conflicting interests with regard to religion, land, trade routes and, more recently, oil.

These inherited suspicions have been fuelled by the strategic interventions of the old imperial powers and the Cold War super-powers, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Iranian revolution and other popular protests against secular regimes.

To what extent are the mutual perceptions of Western and Islamic countries out-dated, erroneous or distorted by over- simplification and caricature?

How does the growth of Muslim communities within Western societies affect mutual perceptions? Can a better mutual tolerance be developed, along with fruitful cultural and economic relations, or must there be a continuing clash of interests, or even, as Samuel Huntington has argued, "a clash of civilizations"?

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Ethnic conflict in the wider Europe: Causes, preventions, and cures
Download Neal Ascherson's Introductory Paper

  • Klingenthal Castle
  • near Strasbourg, 7 - 14 June 1997

Senior Fellow

Neal Ascherson Senior Assistant Editor, The Independent on Sunday
What is unique about ethnic conflict?
H.E. Alfred Cahen Secretary- General, Atlantic Treaty Association
Ethnic tension in Eastern Europe a historical perspective
Prof Norman Stone Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey
Ethnic conflict and diplomacy lessons from Bosnia
Dr Mats Berdal International Institute for Strategic Studies, London
The uses and limits of international intervention
Sir Marrack Goulding United Nations Head of Peacekeeping and Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs (1986-1996), Warden, St Antony's College, Oxford
Communal violence and terrorism
Shane O'Doherty Freelance Writer, Dublin
Case study: the Caucasus and Abkhazia
Dr Viacheslav Chirikba Spokesman for Abkhazian cause in Western Europe
Conditions for Permanent Peace
Dr Mary Kaldor University of Sussex
Stabilising majority/minority relations agreements between neighbour states
George Schöpflin University of London.

Advertised Synopsis

The collapse of Yugoslavia and the Bosnian war shattered post-Cold War optimism by reminding Europe of the deadly potential of nationalist and religious antagonisms.

The seeds of further conflict are scattered across the continent. This conference will examine the kind of ethnic or religious strife which gives rise to widespread violence and will attempt to identify warning indicators.

It will examine the options open to the international community and other outside parties in the face of such threats, including direct armed intervention, preventative deployment, or letting the fire burn out despite the human cost; and also post-conflict questions such as the maintenance of peace once restored, including the future role of peace- keeping, and the rebuilding of trust between communities.

There would appear to be a growing need to adapt current international mechanisms in these areas, which were designed for :

  • the stable environment of the Cold War and based on the rationalist precepts of
  • the Enlightenment, to the challenges of combatants whose
  • ultimate moral authority resides in tribe or faith.

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Study tour of South Africa and Namibia: The challenges of political and economic reconstruction into the 21st century
Download Dr Paul Kielstra's Impressions and Tour Report

  • Johannesburg - Durban - Cape Town - Windhoek,
  • 31 October - 12 November 1997

Tour Leader

Sir Michael Weir Director, 21st Century Trust
An Introduction to South Africa
Deon Seals South African High Commission, London
South Africa's transition: an overview
Cheryl Carolus African National Congress Acting Secretary-General, South Africa's High Commissioner- designate to London
The role of black small business in the new South Africa
Phillip Machala CEO National African Federated Chambers of Commerce (NAFCOC)
Michael Levi Former Secretary-General NAFCOC
Leslie Maasdorp KPMG Micro-credit
Small business and rural development
Chris Höck Director, Rural Finance Facility South African Politics and the Role of the UDM
Bantu Holomisa Co- leader, United Democratic Movement
Investment in South Africa
Moss Leoka CEO, Alliance Capital Management, South Africa, President Johannesburg Chamber of Commerce
Land Redistribution Problems and Prospects
Rev Mzamo Mathe KwaZulu Natal Land Redistribution Commission
The political challenges ahead
Vasu Gounden Director, African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes; Prof Ralph Lawrence, University of Natal
Prof Ralph Lawrence University of Natal
Prof Fatima Meer The Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Dumisa Ntsebeza Commissioner, Truth and Reconciliation Commission
The economic challenges ahead
Prof Rob Davies ANC Member of Parliament; Paul Truyens, Southern Life
Women and the family in the new South Africa
Naledi Pandor ANC Deputy Chief Whip
The implementation of the new constitution
Pravin Gordhan Chair, Constitutional Affairs Committee, South African Parliament
Development in Gugulethu Township
Bulelwa Belu-Toni Executive Director, Gugulethu Community Development Corp.
The constitution and the workings of the new democracy in South Africa
Prof Chris Tapscott University of Western Cape School of Government
Political and economic reconstruction in Namibia since independence
Hon Nahas Angula Namibian Minister of Higher Education
Investment Opportunities in Namibia
A.S. Aboobakar CEO, Namibia Government Offshore Development Company
Namibian Foreign Policy
Hon Theo-Ben Gurirab Namibian Minister of Foreign Affairs

Advertised Synopsis

Departing from our usual conference format, this study tour will give first hand experience of South Africa and its astonishing transformation, now that initial reconstruction is underway and longer term problems and prospects are becoming clearer.

The tour will end in Namibia where there is earlier experience of such change, albeit on a smaller scale, and where the group will be joined by the Hon. Nahas Angula, Minister of Higher Education and a Fellow of the Trust.

A particular focus for study throughout will be where the balance should be struck between economic exigencies and political and social necessities.

This should be of interest to those concerned with a range of development issues, as well as those intrigued by Southern Africa specifically.

At every stage of the tour there will be pre-arranged meetings with prominent figures in politics and government, industry and commerce, rural development, and academic analysis.

Site visits will include townships, rural settlements and development projects. There will also be sight-seeing trips to the Umfolozi Game Reserve, Museum Africa, the Valley of a Thousand Hills near Durban and the magnificent surroundings of Cape Town.

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1997 Fellowship Meetings
Fellowship Meeting 1
Democracy and Foreign Policy An Uneasy Relationship

  • Washington DC
  • 24 - 27 April 1997
Thomas L. Hughes President Emeritus of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
John Barker United States Department of State
Melvin Goodman Former member of CIA, now at National War College
Sir Michael Weir Director, 21st Century Trust

Advertised Synopsis

Liberal democracy is now the prevalent constitutional model over much of the globe.

Even regimes which reject this model usually acknowledge, if not always sincerely, that legitimacy derives from the popular will.

The adaptation of most areas of government to democratic accountability has been relatively straightforward, but foreign policy has remained a partial exception, with electorates often prepared to accept a degree of secrecy in its formulation and operation. Strong arguments exist for this.

Woodrow Wilson's call for open covenants openly arrived at, while an admirable principle for the negotiation of multinational instruments, is unrealistic where important national interests are at stake; public debate on foreign policy questions, both at and between elections, is liable to be prejudicial to good relations with other states; and the members of an elected assembly are unlikely to have much expertise in foreign affairs.

On the other hand, it seems illogical, if not dangerous, that in a democracy foreign policy should be conducted with relatively little reference to a legislature, let alone the electorate.

The conference will examine questions arising from this tension, such as how government contrives to balance popular interest against the need for discretion and compromise in diplomacy; how domestic pressures affect the conduct of foreign policy; how far such pressures should properly be resisted; and what degree of secrecy is appropriate in foreign policy.

Fellowship Meeting 2
The Media and the Public Interest in the Information Age

  • London
  • 10 - 12 October 1997
The managerial and technological transformation of the media for better or for worse?
Adam Boulton Political Editor, Sky News; John Foster, General Secretary, National Union of Journalists
The new disorder in broadcasting
Mathew Horsman Media analyst at Henderson Crosthwaite
The internet information riches or information overload?
Monique van Dusseldorp New Media Department, Wegener Arcade, Amsterdam
Journalistic culture and the closing of the modern mind
Professor Kenneth Minogue London School of Economics
Hopes and fears for journalism into the 21st century (Panel discussion)
Godfrey Hodgson Reuters Foundation Programme, Oxford (chair);
Matthew Bishop The Economist
Martin Hiller World Wildlife Federation
Tim King The Daily Telegraph
Andrew Marshall Foreign Editor, The Independent
Tomohiko Taniguchi Nikkei Business

Advertised Synopsis

The last fifteen years have seen a revolution in the media industry. New technology and, in some countries, the defeat of unions have led to sweeping changes in management style and a much sharper edge in competition amongst titles.

With innovation proceeding at breakneck speed in electronic communications - satellite, cable, the Internet - this is seen as all part of "The Information Age" providers, driven on by competition and ever expanding opportunities, will give the public access to information of unprecedented diversity and quantity.

However, there is also concern that a small number of business conglomerates will make the competition so cut-throat that information will be replicated rather than diversified and that choice amongst masses of almost identical sources will be illusory.

It is argued that the public interest will suffer as journalists are over-stretched now that down-sizing is taking its toll, and editors are concerned solely about tomorrow's headlines rather than in-depth reporting or investigative journalism.

Will we as decision takers, voters, concerned citizens be better or less well informed in the 21st century?

We are grateful to the Freedom Forum European Centre for making available their premises for this meeting.

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Summary of all Conferences


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