1999 Fellowship Programme
1999 Conference Programme

Media power and responsibility: the role of the fourth estate in the 21st century
Study Tour of the Baltic States and St Petersburg: a post-imperial renaissance?
The Future of the Nation State
Globalization: Challenges and Discontents

Media power and responsibility: the role of the fourth estate in the 21st century
Download Michael Ignatieff's Introductory Paper
Download his Report and see how his opinions changed

  • St Edmund Hall, Oxford
  • March 19-27, 1999

Senior Fellow

Michael Ignatieff Author and Broadcaster


What has been the impact of industrial concentration in the media? Does it require tighter or looser regulation?
Duncan Lewis Managing Director, Equant N.V.
Mathew Horsman Henderson Crosthwaite
Where are new technologies taking us? (I)
Dr David Levy Head of European Policy, BBC
Where are new technologies taking us? (II)
Ian Stewart Chairman, AZTEC Internet Limited
Media Power: Deconstructing from Within (After Dark - a TV case study)
Sebastian Cody Open Media
The journalistic mind
Professor Kenneth Minogue London School of Economics
How is journalism changing as a profession? For better or for worse?
Chris Elliott Executive Editor, The Guardian
Information in crises, conflicts and complex emergencies: who really commands the high ground?
Nik Gowing BBC World
The collapse of grand narrative (1) - without the Cold War can interest be sustained in foreign news? Does it matter?
Juan-Carlos Gumucio El Pais
Media and society - changing perceptions of authority, community and privacy
Michael Ignatieff Senior Fellow
Anthony Smith President, Magdalen College, Oxford
The collapse of grand narrative (2) - with the blurring of left and right must domestic news focus increasingly on personalities and populist causes at the expense of policy debate?
Ian Hargreaves Cardiff School of Journalism and Chairman of the think-tank Demos
How far can spin doctors determine public reaction to events?
Philip Gould Political and Public Affairs Strategist
The media as defender of democracy
Mohamed Sid Ahmed Al Ahram Centre for Strategic Studies, Cairo
Panel discussion on the media's role in democracy
Chandrika Kaul Nuffield College, Oxford
Christina Stucky The Sunday Independent, Johannesburg
Maja Zafirovska Macedonian Television

Advertised Synopsis
Industrial concentration and new technologies have revolutionised the media, and that revolution is set to continue. For some, the consequences have been wholly positive: an explosion of information, greatly increased access to it, and a significant expansion of choice for the consumer and the surfer of the web. For others, the results have been a "dumbing down", the over-stretching of resources, a de-skilling of journalists and a distortion of the information on which citizens depend to understand the world around them. Where does the balance lie? How far are these changes in the media affecting our attitude to authority, the right to privacy and the way communities see themselves? Recent changes in "the message" have had their own revolutionary effect: we have seen the collapse of a grand narrative - the links between stories - since the end of the Cold War and the blurring of differences between left and right. Is it only the proliferation of corpses that can attract attention to foreign affairs and politicians' private lives that make the best domestic headlines? But how far does experience differ from country to country, with the media still recognised in some as the chief bastion against tyranny while in others there is undue complacency about the freedom of the press? How can we ensure that the media serves democracy well into the 21st century?

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Study Tour of the Baltic States and St Petersburg: a post-imperial renaissance?
Download Tour Report

  • Vilnius, Riga, Tallinn, Lahemaa National Park, Narva, St Petersburg
  • 16-30 May 1999

Tour Leader

Sir Michael Weir Director, 21st Century Trust


The first years of Lithuanian independence: achievements and aspirations
Dr Algirdas Brazauskas Former President of Lithuania,Chairman of the Algirdas Brazauskas Fund
Lithuania's security and relations with its neighbours
Rimantas Remeika Faculty of Philology, Vilnius University
The workings of a new democracy
Dr Raimundas Lopata Director, Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vilnius University
Scenarios for Lithuania's development in the 21st Century
HE Christopher Robbins British Ambassador to Lithuania
Looking West and East: Lithuanian foreign policy and relations with the European Union and NATO
Algimantas Rimkunas Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
Audrius Bruzga Deputy Political Director, Head of Western European Section, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Catching up: economic reform in Lithuania
Dr Elena Leontjeva Free Market Institute
Professor Eduardo Vilkas Director, Institute of Economics, Vilnius
The role of the media in building democracy
Pauls Rudseps Managing Editor, Diena newspaper, Riga
Modernising the economy
Dimitri Demekas IMF Representative in Latvia and Estonia
A comparative survey of the three Baltic States
Ian Stewart Director of the British Council, Baltic States
Citizenship, ethnic minorities and social integration
David Johnson Head of OSCE Mission in Riga
The development of Estonian democracy
Andres Tarrand Chairman, Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee, Estonia
Estonia's Foreign Economic Relations
Madis Rausi Marketing Director of Estonian Investment Agency
Transforming the Estonian economy
Mart Relve Director-General, Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Partnership for peace? Russia's security concerns and scenarios for the future
Professor Konstantin Khudolei Dean of the International Relations Faculty, University of St Petersburg
Getting the economy right: policies and prospects
Dmitry Pankin General Director, St Petersburg Bank of Reconstruction and Development
Liberal democracy in St Petersburg and in comparison with the rest of Russia: how well developed is it and what are the challenges it faces?
Brian Whitmore St Petersburg Times
Human rights issues and the work of Grazdanski Kontrol'
Boris Pustintsev Grazdanski Kontrol' (Citizens' Watch)
Perspektiven: the work of a charity for street children in St Petersburg
Margarete von der Borch Chair of Perspektiven
Cultural tour of St Petersburg
Dr Alexey Leporc Art Historian

Advertised Synopsis
The Baltic States and St Petersburg region, one of great natural beauty and architectural distinction, has in the past decade seen changes as quietly revolutionary as in any part of the former Soviet Union. The Baltic States have accomplished a major transformation of their social, political, and economic circumstances without recourse to violence, while St Petersburg has re-discovered its historic role as Russia's alternative capital with its own interests. This tour will study both the recent past and future challenges, looking at inter alia the strategies used to overcome the grim legacy of Soviet rule; the ethnic divisions within the region; and current pressures for a special relationship with the EU and NATO. We will seek to identify the particular characteristics of each state as well as those they have in common, visiting not only their handsome capital cities but provincial and rural areas. We will have meetings with prominent figures in politics, government, business, and the academic world, and also have time for sight-seeing and relaxation - with the benefit of the midnight sun. This trip offers a rare opportunity to learn more about a region and its cultures which have historic associations with the West but remained closed to outside view for over half a century.

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The Future of the Nation State
Download Robert Cooper's Introductory Paper

  • Klingenthal Castle, near Strasbourg
  • 18-26 June 1999

Senior Fellow

Robert Cooper Foreign Office, London; author of The Post-Modern State and the World Order


What are the historical roots of the nation state? How deep do they run?
Dr Christopher Coker Reader in International Relations, London School of Economic
What is the state for?
Geoff Mulgan Policy Unit, Office of the British Prime Minister
Multilateral security and intervention by the international community: where does that leave sovereignty?
Rosemary Righter Chief Leader Writer, The Times, London
To what extent is globalization transforming what the state can do?
Professor Bertrand Badie Professor of Political Science, Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Paris
How far can or should international institutions limit the role of the nation state?
Gilles Andréani Former Director, Centre d'Analyse et de Prevision, Quai d'Orsay, now Senior Fellow International Institute for Strategic Studies, London
What impact will the economic and military might of the United States have on the future of the nation state?
Flora Lewis Columnist, the International Herald Tribune
Do post-colonial nation states show up the limitations of the Western model?
Lakhdar Brahimi Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Former Foreign Minister of Algeria
The Nature of the African State
Professor Patrick Chabal Professor of Lusophone African Studies, King's College, London

Advertised Synopsis
For over three centuries world order has been maintained by the nation state, partly through its internal laws and external treaties and partly by conquest. In today's world of some 180 states, this picture seems to be changing. As well as treaties we have treaty organisations: the OSCE and the WTO alongside the older NATO and OECD. Above all, under the Treaty of Rome, we have EU institutions making laws with direct application in member states, and (sometimes) giving orders to governments. Below the state level there is an increasing trend towards devolution of power. France has been decentralised; the Spanish regions have extensive powers; the German länder are resisting the transfer of power to either Bonn or Brussels. In the UK Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales are all about to acquire devolved power. Thirdly, the power and influence of non-governmental bodies are growing. Many of these operate across national boundaries. In the early post-war years there was concern about transnational corporations. These are if anything a a greater force today. Nor can states ignore bodies such as Greenpeace and Amnesty International and international news media such as CNN. Where does that leave the nation state? Is it, as the popular saying goes, too big for small problems and too small for big problems? But if this is the case can we really imagine a world, or a Europe, without states or without nations?

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Globalization: Challenges and Discontents
Download Dominique Moïsi's Introductory Paper
Download excerpts from his Report

  • Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco
  • 10-17 September 1999

Senior Fellow

Dominique Moïsi Deputy Director, Institut Français des Relations Internationales, Paris


The View from Morocco
Professor Rachid Benmokhtar Benabdellah President, Al Akhawayn University
Global telecommunications, the Internet, and centres of power
Duncan Lewis Managing Director, Equant N.V.
Economics: are national borders becoming redundant?
Richard O'Brien GBN, London
Global Corporations and Development: Nation Builders or Nation Wreckers?
Dr Noreena Hertz The Judge Institute of Management Studies, Cambridge
The management of the global economy
John Sewell Overseas Development Council, Washington DC
Culture: is Globalization really Americanization?
Lord David Puttnam Film Producer; Chairman, National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts
Doing business in a global marketplace: intellectual property as a case study
Dr Harriet Strimpel Bromberg & Sunstein, Boston
Globalization: to whose benefit? The West or the world as a whole?
Professor Remy Leveau CERI, Paris

Advertised Synopsis
What is the real significance of globalization? In nearly all public debate it is regarded as a given, frequently in an unexamined or clichéd way. It has been seen as an unstoppable economic process, radically constraining government policies and transforming societies. Proponents applaud this, pointing to the growth and development resulting from liberalisation in trade - particularly in capital flows - and the dynamism of transnational corporations. The technological revolution, principally in communications, makes this a new and enduring phenomenon, they argue, despite any temporary setbacks. Critics, however, point to the concomitant global costs in environmental degradation, crime and terrorism, and to the social groups and low income countries suffering unemployment or exploitation as a consequence of relentless market forces. They have foreseen a cultural backlash against the homogenizing values of Western style capitalism, and perhaps the resurgence of protectionism and nationalism. This debate has been brought into sharp focus by the economic crisis in the Asia Pacific region and Russia. What are the long term consequences of the crisis likely to be? As the Bretton Woods institutions come to look ever more dated, what measure of management or regulation of the world economy is desirable and what is practicable? How are the economic crisis and more fundamental changes going to affect international relations and governments? What will be the enduring importance of globalization and its discontents

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1999 Fellowship Programme
The Environmental Debate: "Spinning the Truth"
(In Conjunction with the St. Catharine's Foundation)

  • Cumberland Lodge
  • 17-19 February 1999

Senior Fellows

Andy Oliver Head, Health Safety and Environmental Unit, Shell International
Richard Sandbrook Director, International Institute for the Environment and Development


Issues and Dilemmas
Andy Oliver Head, Health Safety and Environmental Unit, Shell International
Richard Sandbrook Director, International Institute for the Environment and Development
What is Objective Truth?
John Vidal Journalist, The Guardian
Richard North Freelance Journalist
Of Genes and Oil – Business and Sustainable Development
Chris Gibson-Smith Managing Director, British Petroleum
Colin Merritt Technical Manager for Biotechnology, Monsanto
The Role of NGOs in Motivating Change
Robin Grove-White Director, Centre for the Study of Environmental Change, Lancaster University
Kirsty Hamilton Greenpeace International
Charles Secrett Executive Director, Friends of the Earth
Use and Abuse of Science in the Environmental Debate
Sir Robert May Chief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government and Head of Office of Science and Technology
Does Spin Affect Public Policy?
The Rt Hon John Gummer Member of Parliament and former Secretary of State for the Environment
The Constraints of the Media
Simon Campbell-Jones Producer of "Scare Stories", BBC Television

Advertised Synopsis
Assessing the long-term impact on the environment of current industrial and agricultural practices is highly complex, and clear-cut scientific predictions are often impossible. There are also difficult trade-offs between environmental and economic interests, even when "sustainable development" is a declared common goal. The issues are inevitably simplified in debate and this conference will consider how far the public perception of environmental threats is shaped - or distorted - by the agendas of environmental movements, businesses, governments and the media, and in turn how those agendas are influenced by public reactions. The international dimension of the debate and of public policy will also be examined. To what extent is the public being badly informed with regard to environmental issues? In what ways might the standards of truth be raised?

The Reconstruction of Berlin and its new role in Germany and an EU expanding eastwards

  • Deutsche Bank Berlin Branch Headquarters
  • 12-14 November 1999


Dr Hermann Freiherr von Richthofen Former Ambassador of Germany to NATO and to the United Kingdom


The cultural and architectural significance of the reconstruction of Berlin
Dr Hans Stimmann State Secretary, Berlin Senat
Berlin - Centre or Periphery?
Prof Dr Hagen Schulze Free University of Berlin
Berlin's new role in an EU enlarging eastwards
Thomas Kielinger Die Welt
Gerd Wartenberg State Secretary, Berlin Senat
Scenarios for the economic future of Berlin
Frederick Stüdemann Berlin Bureau, Financial Times
Berlin and its minorities
Barbara John Berlin Senat
The new image of Berlin
Volker Hassemer 'Partner für Berlin'

Advertised Synopsis
Following closely upon the tenth anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall, this will be an opportunity to explore the reconstruction of Berlin and its renewed status as the capital of Germany. The weekend will include a tour of some of the main architectural projects, and guest speakers will lead discussions about how the city is coming to terms with its past and fashioning its future role in Germany's politics, economy and culture as well as in a European Union enlarging eastwards. By kind invitation of Deutsche Bank AG the seminar will be held at their Berlin Branch on Unter den Linden; the building also houses the Berlin Guggenheim Museum which we will visit.

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Summary of all Conferences

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