2003 Fellowship Programme
2003 Conference Programme

1. Global Civil Society: expectations, capacities, and the accountability of international NGOs

2. The Future of Higher Education: dilemmas and opportunities

3. History, Policy, and Identity

1. Global civil society: expectations, capacities and the accountability of international NGOs

Dr Michael Williams' Introductory Paper

  • 28 March - 5 April 2003

Senior Fellow

Dr Michael Williams Special Adviser to the UK Foreign Secretary; formerly with the UN and with Amnesty International


The exponential growth of international NGOs and expectations of them
Michael Edwards Ford Foundation
Globalization and new technologies: how will the structure of NGOs change?
Dr Helmut Anheier London School of Economics
General case study: Environmental NGOs
Richard Sandbrook Co-founder of  Friends of the Earth, until recently Director of International Institute for Environment and Development
Will NGOs increasingly become sub-contractors of governments,  corporations or the UN?
Dr Helmut Anheier London School of Economics
General case study: the Save the Children Fund
Mike Aaronson Secretary-General, Save the Children Fund UK
NGOs, politics and the media
John Clark Operations Policy Group, World Bank
Is humanitarianism fatally flawed?
David Rieff Author 
Sleeping with the enemy: NGOs and combatants in conflict zones
Dr Michael Williams Senior Fellow
Case study: NGOs in the Great Lakes Region in the 1990s
Linda Melvern Investigative journalist and Honorary Fellow, University of Wales at Aberystwyth
NGOs, accountability and self-regulation
Alex Jacobs Mango
General case study: Amnesty International
Irene Khan Secretary-General, Amnesty International
Northern NGOs and the South: partnership or patronage?
Dennis McNamara Inspector General, UNHCR

Advertised Synopsis
The rise of NGOs both international and national was a marked feature of the closing decades of the 20th century. Especially following the collapse of the Soviet system, much faith was placed in a renewal of civil society and the capacity of voluntary associations to express aspirations and deliver services more creatively and responsively than governments. This conference will examine how far NGOs have met these expectations and how they might develop in the future. The different types of NGOs will be assessed alongside their changing relationships, both co-operative and antagonistic, with governments, inter-governmental organisations and corporations. How far are NGOs leaving governments behind in responding to the challenges posed by globalization, in terms of their flexibility and a growing sense - nurtured by ever more sophisticated communications technologies - of international responsibility for issues such as the environment, sustainable development and human rights? Conversely, how far are some NGOs encroaching on the proper sphere of democratically elected governments, or, as a result of their proliferation or zeal, thwarting the co-ordination necessary in an emergency or a conflict zone? What is the impact of NGOs on international business practices? How far might NGOs themselves need to become more business-like in their operations? How do funding concerns shape an NGOs mission? How can the creative potential of NGOs, and their accountability, be best maximized?

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2. The Future of Higher Education:
dilemmas and opportunities

(in collaboration with Cumberland Lodge)

Baroness Warwick's Introductory Paper

  • 28 July - 3 August 2003

Senior Fellow

Baroness Warwick Chief Executive, Universities UK


How should universities respond to the challenges posed by globalization, economic change,and developments in the workplace? (I)
Prof Peter Scott Vice-Chancellor, Kingston University
The impact of new technologies and distance learning
Dr Robin Middlehurst University of Surrey
Creative diversity, the aim to be world class, equality of provision: where are the trade-offs?
Dr Aglaja Frodl German Academic Exchange Service, London
Lord Claus Moser
Chancellor of Keele University, formerly Warden of Wadham College, Oxford
Extending access to higher education: how far, and in what ways, should this be made a priority?
Professor Nicholas Barr London School of Economics
Higher education and societies in transition: Moldova
Prof Valentina Teosa Moldova State University
How should universities respond to the challenges posed by globalization, economic change,and developments in the workplace? (II)
Dr Andrew Adonis Head of the Policy Unit, 10 Downing Street
Democratic accountability and academic freedom: what is the proper extent of, and what should be the limits to, government intervention in higher education?
Prof Kenneth Minogue London School of Economics
Hon. Nahas Angula Minister of Higher Education, Namibia
Do private and corporate universities, and/or corporate involvement in public universities, offer the best hope for maximizing innovation and funding in higher education?
Dr Joseph Duffey Senior Vice-President, Sylvan Learning Systems and formerly Asst. U.S. Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs 
Research and teaching: how should the balance be struck?
Jonathan Rée Author and philosopher
Barbara Kehm
University of Halle
Higher education and sustainable development
Sara Parkin Forum for the Future, London
Utility and values: what are universities for?
Dr Onora O’Neill Principal of Newnham College, Cambridge

Advertised Synopsis
Research, innovation, scholarship, international competitiveness, as well as the underpinnings of a prosperous society populated by intelligent well-informed citizens: the university is expected to deliver all of these. Can it? Or are these demands driving higher education in many places into crisis? This conference will examine some of the tensions, real or apparent, which this sector experiences around the world, and which affect the very nature of the university in individual countries. These dilemmas include the debate over broadening access as against the quality of teaching for a select group of students; the distribution of academic resources, or even entire institutions, between research and teaching; the search to be bodies of global importance while also serving national or local needs; the problem of differentiation between universities in a given country while maintaining some notion of equality; the difficulty of maintaining academic freedom in the face of even well-disposed governments seeking to advance policy objectives through higher education; the assessment of the best mix of public and private institutions (the latter running from traditional universities to those run by corporations) for a country; and questions relating to resources allocation between science, technology, and the humanities. Underlying all of these quandaries are the vexed questions of funding, of what knowledge will be important in future, of the best way to teach it, and of what students and employers expect of the university. Technological innovation increases uncertainty on the latter scores. In particular, how will it impact on the work place for which universities prepare so many, and how will it change the nature of teaching itself. On the other hand, what place remains for the ideal of the rounded, critical thinker, traditionally common to both the humanities and the sciences, when universities are under such pressure to provide those with the training to cope with our complex, technological world. Is the university an institution or an idea?

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3. History, Policy, and Identity
(in collaboration with British Council Seminars)

Neal Ascherson's Introductory Paper

  • 7-15 October 2003

Senior Fellow

Neal Ascherson Author and Journalist


Readings and mis-readings of history: the making of group identities
Professor Norman Stone Middle East Technical University
Case study I: History in schools and the media: changing national identities in the UK
Professor Rob Phillips Institute of Education, Manchester Metropolitan University
Case Study II: Between Eurasia-centrism and Ethno-centrism: history textbooks in post-Communist Russia
Dr Victor Shnirelman Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Moscow
Case Study III: Ireland and its different histories
Professor Brian Walker Institute of Irish Studies, Queen's University Belfast
Controlling recent history: a video archive and the Milosevic regime
Dr Snjezana Milivojevic Faculty of Political Science, Belgrade University
History and the roots of conflict: the former Yugoslavia
Tim Judah Author of The Serbs and Kosovo: War and Revenge
TV and perceptions of the past
Paul Mitchell Wilton Films
Aborigines, interpretations of history and land claims
Eric Angel Public History, Winnipeg
Should there be laws against Holocaust denial?
Neal Ascherson Senior Fellow
The significance of truth-telling after conflict
Gugulethu Nxumalo Chief Director for Special Programmes, South African Department of Education
Chairman Mao's Red Guard Movement and its legacy for the generation involved and for contemporary politics
Dr Aiping Mu University of Cambridge
Political agendas and historical debates: a case study of Germany since 1945
Professor Mary Fulbrook University College London
Identities, community relations and contemporary perceptions of slavery and the slave trade
Professor Jim Walvin University of York

Advertised Synopsis
"Official History" could describe the dominant view of a country's past expressed in various public ways. A central one of these is prescribed school history curricula, which can affect students' world views for decades. Particular understandings of the past also inform and justify a host of policies in most states. It is thus no surprise that historical debates revolve around political, ethnic and other conflicts within a given society at least as much as around what actually happened in the past, and play a key role in the creation and evolution of defining national and sub-national myths. This conference will look at issues surrounding how a democratic society forms and changes its views about its history and, frequently therefore, of itself, including: the impact of history education and curricula; the effects of contending views of history on divided and post-conflict societies; self-conscious attempts to create unifying national historical records, such as truth and reconciliation commissions; active inculcation of new identities, such as the teaching of European history in a way to encourage a sense of European citizenship; and limits on how far individuals, asserting freedom of speech, may contradict views which have broad academic, public, and official sanction, such as laws in various countries on Holocaust denial. Whatever the integrity of historical scholarship, the perception of history in the public domain is often about the present as much as it is about the past.

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Summary of all Conferences

2003 Fellowship Programme
Go to 2003 Conference Programme

1. Europe and the War on Terrorism
2. Russia and the West
3. Globalization: rhetoric, reality and international politics

Europe and the War on Terrorism

  • Scotland House, Rondpoint Schumann 6, Brussels
  • 21-23 February 2003


How Europe can best pursue the war on terrorism
The Rt Hon Chris Patten European Commissioner for External Affairs
Electronic surveillance and the war on terror: privacy versus security
Maria Farrell International Chambers of Commerce, Paris
The nature and scope of the terrorist threat
Dr Magnus Ranstorp Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St Andrews
National policy and the European framework
Ria Oonk Head, European Union Division, Netherlands Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations

Brief Description
The war on terrorism has so far largely been shaped by the United States, but it poses a series of specific challenges to European policy makers which will test both the strength and the flexibility of the European Security and Defence Policy.  This seminar will explore scenarios for the development of ESDP, examining the adapted or new forms of co-operation which will be needed to counter a pervasive but indistinct threat, and assessing its impact on the relationship between Europe and the United States and on the responsibilities Europe may take on in other parts of the world.  The balance between European states and their citizens has also been brought into question, with regard to surveillance and privacy, and civil liberties more generally.  The seminar will question how far Europe is likely to be changed by the war on terrorism.  The Trust is grateful to the UK Foreign Office for its support of this event.

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Russia and the West

  • Château Klingenthal, near Strasbourg
  • 13-15 June 2003


Security I: Russia and Europe
Dr Bobo Lo The Royal Institute of International Affairs, London
Security II: Russia and the United States
Professor Yuri Fedorov Deputy Director, The Institute for Applied International Research, Moscow
Separatism, human rights and the international community: a case study of Moldova
Oldrich Andrysek UNHCR, Geneva
The integration of Russia in the global economy
Dr Ksenia Yudaeva Centre for Economic and Financial Research, Moscow

Brief Description
Since the time of Peter the Great there has been a tension between the idea of Russia as part of the West and that of Russia as a distinct entity. During the momentous changes of the last decade, Russia has been moving towards integration, with membership of the G8, a new relationship with NATO, and the prospect of membership of the WTO. Until the recent conflict over Iraq, this movement seemed to be symbolized in the close personal co-operation between Presidents Putin and Putin. What may be the lasting effects of the present crisis, and what new directions are likely be taken?  How will security policy develop in connection with defence reform, the relationship with NATO, and the war on terrorism? What will be the salient issues in connection with governance and human rights? What are the prospects for the Russian economy and how far will these depend on an evolving relationship with the European Union and membership of the WTO?

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Globalization: rhetoric, reality and international politics

  • Congress, Washington DC
  • 31 October-1 November 2003


Globalization and human rights
Mary Robinson Ethical Globalization Initiative, New York; former President of Ireland, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Who is really benefiting and who is losing from globalization? I: The United States
Matthew Bishop World Business Editor, The Economist
Who is really benefiting and who is losing from globalization? II: The Developing World
Dr Ian Bremmer Eurasia Group
Dr Christian Weller Economic Policy Institute, Washington DC
Where is economic globalization headed? The Bretton Woods Institutions, the WTO and the fate of the Washington Consensus
Professor Lael Brainard Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution

Brief Description
For a number of years in the last decade, the processes loosely labelled "globalization" were trumpeted as an unstoppable dynamo bringing greater wealth to all, and in particular solutions to long standing problems of poverty and underdevelopment in many parts of the world. Now the phenomenon seems to be equally frequently portrayed as an out-of-control juggernaut responsible for exacerbating these problems, as well as adding to many of the world's other ills. This conference will try to look at who really is winning and losing through globalization, the effects of the anti-globalization movement, the fate of the Washington consensus and its impact on international financial institutions, and, finally, the compatibility of globalization and social justice.

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