1999 Conference Programme

Media power and responsibility: the role of the fourth estate in the 21st century

St Edmund Hall, Oxford
March 19-27, 1999

Senior Fellow

Michael IgnatieffAuthor and Broadcaster


What has been the impact of industrial concentration in the media? Does it require tighter or looser regulation?

Duncan LewisManaging Director, Equant N.V.
Mathew HorsmanHenderson Crosthwaite

Where are new technologies taking us? (I)

Dr David LevyHead of European Policy, BBC

Where are new technologies taking us? (II)

Ian StewartChairman, AZTEC Internet Limited

Media Power: Deconstructing from Within (After Dark - a TV case study)

Sebastian CodyOpen Media

The journalistic mind

Professor Kenneth MinogueLondon School of Economics

How is journalism changing as a profession? For better or for worse?

Chris ElliottExecutive Editor, The Guardian

Information in crises, conflicts and complex emergencies: who really commands the high ground?

Nik Gowing BBC World

The collapse of grand narrative (1) - without the Cold War can interest be sustained in foreign news? Does it matter?

Juan-Carlos GumucioEl Pais

Media and society - changing perceptions of authority, community and privacy

Michael IgnatieffSenior Fellow
Anthony SmithPresident, Magdalen College, Oxford

The collapse of grand narrative (2) - with the blurring of left and right must domestic news focus increasingly on personalities and populist causes at the expense of policy debate?

Ian HargreavesCardiff School of Journalism and Chairman of the think-tank Demos

How far can spin doctors determine public reaction to events?

Philip GouldPolitical and Public Affairs Strategist

The media as defender of democracy

Mohamed Sid AhmedAl Ahram Centre for Strategic Studies, Cairo

Panel discussion on the media's role in democracy

Chandrika KaulNuffield College, Oxford
Christina StuckyThe Sunday Independent, Johannesburg
Maja ZafirovskaMacedonian Television

Advertised Synopsis

Industrial concentration and new technologies have revolutionised the media, and that revolution is set to continue. For some, the consequences have been wholly positive: an explosion of information, greatly increased access to it, and a significant expansion of choice for the consumer and the surfer of the web. For others, the results have been a "dumbing down", the over-stretching of resources, a de-skilling of journalists and a distortion of the information on which citizens depend to understand the world around them. Where does the balance lie? How far are these changes in the media affecting our attitude to authority, the right to privacy and the way communities see themselves? Recent changes in "the message" have had their own revolutionary effect: we have seen the collapse of a grand narrative - the links between stories - since the end of the Cold War and the blurring of differences between left and right. Is it only the proliferation of corpses that can attract attention to foreign affairs and politicians' private lives that make the best domestic headlines? But how far does experience differ from country to country, with the media still recognised in some as the chief bastion against tyranny while in others there is undue complacency about the freedom of the press? How can we ensure that the media serves democracy well into the 21st century?


Study Tour of the Baltic States and St Petersburg: a post-imperial renaissance?

Vilnius, Riga, Tallinn, Lahemaa National Park, Narva, St Petersburg
16-30 May 1999

Tour Leader

Sir Michael WeirDirector, 21st Century Trust


The first years of Lithuanian independence: achievements and aspirations

Dr Algirdas BrazauskasFormer President of Lithuania,Chairman of the Algirdas Brazauskas Fund

Lithuania's security and relations with its neighbours

Rimantas RemeikaFaculty of Philology, Vilnius University

The workings of a new democracy

Dr Raimundas LopataDirector, Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vilnius University

 Scenarios for Lithuania's development in the 21st Century

HE Christopher RobbinsBritish Ambassador to Lithuania

Looking West and East: Lithuanian foreign policy and relations with the European Union and NATO

Algimantas RimkunasDeputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
Audrius BruzgaDeputy Political Director, Head of Western European Section, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Catching up: economic reform in Lithuania

Dr Elena LeontjevaFree Market Institute
Professor Eduardo VilkasDirector, Institute of Economics, Vilnius

The role of the media in building democracy

Pauls RudsepsManaging Editor, Diena newspaper, Riga

Modernising the economy

Dimitri DemekasIMF Representative in Latvia and Estonia

A comparative survey of the three Baltic States

Ian StewartDirector of the British Council, Baltic States

Citizenship, ethnic minorities and social integration

David JohnsonHead of OSCE Mission in Riga

The development of Estonian democracy

Andres TarrandChairman, Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee, Estonia

Estonia's Foreign Economic Relations

Madis RausiMarketing Director of Estonian Investment Agency

Transforming the Estonian economy

Mart RelveDirector-General, Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Partnership for peace? Russia's security concerns and scenarios for the future

Professor Konstantin KhudoleiDean of the International Relations Faculty, University of St Petersburg

Getting the economy right: policies and prospects

Dmitry PankinGeneral Director, St Petersburg Bank of Reconstruction and Development

Liberal democracy in St Petersburg and in comparison with the rest of Russia: how well developed is it and what are the challenges it faces?

Brian WhitmoreSt Petersburg Times

Human rights issues and the work of Grazdanski Kontrol'

Boris PustintsevGrazdanski Kontrol' (Citizens' Watch)

Perspektiven: the work of a charity for street children in St Petersburg

Margarete von der BorchChair of Perspektiven

Cultural tour of St Petersburg

Dr Alexey LeporcArt Historian

Advertised Synopsis

The Baltic States and St Petersburg region, one of great natural beauty and architectural distinction, has in the past decade seen changes as quietly revolutionary as in any part of the former Soviet Union. The Baltic States have accomplished a major transformation of their social, political, and economic circumstances without recourse to violence, while St Petersburg has re-discovered its historic role as Russia's alternative capital with its own interests. This tour will study both the recent past and future challenges, looking at inter alia the strategies used to overcome the grim legacy of Soviet rule; the ethnic divisions within the region; and current pressures for a special relationship with the EU and NATO. We will seek to identify the particular characteristics of each state as well as those they have in common, visiting not only their handsome capital cities but provincial and rural areas. We will have meetings with prominent figures in politics, government, business, and the academic world, and also have time for sight-seeing and relaxation - with the benefit of the midnight sun. This trip offers a rare opportunity to learn more about a region and its cultures which have historic associations with the West but remained closed to outside view for over half a century.


The Future of the Nation State

Klingenthal Castle, near Strasbourg
18-26 June 1999

Senior Fellow

Robert CooperForeign Office, London; author of The Post-Modern State and the World Order


What are the historical roots of the nation state? How deep do they run?

Dr Christopher CokerReader in International Relations, London School of Economic

What is the state for?

Geoff MulganPolicy Unit, Office of the British Prime Minister

Multilateral security and intervention by the international community: where does that leave sovereignty?

Rosemary RighterChief Leader Writer, The Times, London

To what extent is globalization transforming what the state can do?

Professor Bertrand BadieProfessor of Political Science, Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Paris

How far can or should international institutions limit the role of the nation state?

Gilles AndréaniFormer Director, Centre d'Analyse et de Prevision, Quai d'Orsay, now Senior Fellow International Institute for Strategic Studies, London

What impact will the economic and military might of the United States have on the future of the nation state?

Flora LewisColumnist, the International Herald Tribune

Do post-colonial nation states show up the limitations of the Western model?

Lakhdar BrahimiSpecial Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Former Foreign Minister of Algeria

The Nature of the African State

Professor Patrick ChabalProfessor of Lusophone African Studies, King's College, London

Advertised Synopsis

For over three centuries world order has been maintained by the nation state, partly through its internal laws and external treaties and partly by conquest. In today's world of some 180 states, this picture seems to be changing. As well as treaties we have treaty organisations: the OSCE and the WTO alongside the older NATO and OECD. Above all, under the Treaty of Rome, we have EU institutions making laws with direct application in member states, and (sometimes) giving orders to governments. Below the state level there is an increasing trend towards devolution of power. France has been decentralised; the Spanish regions have extensive powers; the German länder are resisting the transfer of power to either Bonn or Brussels. In the UK Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales are all about to acquire devolved power. Thirdly, the power and influence of non-governmental bodies are growing. Many of these operate across national boundaries. In the early post-war years there was concern about transnational corporations. These are if anything a a greater force today. Nor can states ignore bodies such as Greenpeace and Amnesty International and international news media such as CNN. Where does that leave the nation state? Is it, as the popular saying goes, too big for small problems and too small for big problems? But if this is the case can we really imagine a world, or a Europe, without states or without nations?


Globalization: Challenges and Discontents

Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco
10-17 September 1999

Senior Fellow

Dominique MoïsiDeputy Director, Institut Français des Relations Internationales, Paris


The View from Morocco

Professor Rachid Benmokhtar Benabdellah President, Al Akhawayn University

Global telecommunications, the Internet, and centres of power

Duncan LewisManaging Director, Equant N.V.

Economics: are national borders becoming redundant?

Richard O'BrienGBN, London

Global Corporations and Development: Nation Builders or Nation Wreckers?

Dr Noreena HertzThe Judge Institute of Management Studies, Cambridge

The management of the global economy

John SewellOverseas Development Council, Washington DC

Culture: is Globalization really Americanization?

Lord David PuttnamFilm Producer; Chairman, National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts

Doing business in a global marketplace: intellectual property as a case study

Dr Harriet StrimpelBromberg & Sunstein, Boston

Globalization: to whose benefit? The West or the world as a whole?

Professor Remy LeveauCERI, Paris


Advertised Synopsis

What is the real significance of globalization? In nearly all public debate it is regarded as a given, frequently in an unexamined or clichéd way. It has been seen as an unstoppable economic process, radically constraining government policies and transforming societies. Proponents applaud this, pointing to the growth and development resulting from liberalisation in trade - particularly in capital flows - and the dynamism of transnational corporations. The technological revolution, principally in communications, makes this a new and enduring phenomenon, they argue, despite any temporary setbacks. Critics, however, point to the concomitant global costs in environmental degradation, crime and terrorism, and to the social groups and low income countries suffering unemployment or exploitation as a consequence of relentless market forces. They have foreseen a cultural backlash against the homogenizing values of Western style capitalism, and perhaps the resurgence of protectionism and nationalism. This debate has been brought into sharp focus by the economic crisis in the Asia Pacific region and Russia. What are the long term consequences of the crisis likely to be? As the Bretton Woods institutions come to look ever more dated, what measure of management or regulation of the world economy is desirable and what is practicable? How are the economic crisis and more fundamental changes going to affect international relations and governments? What will be the enduring importance of globalization and its discontents.


1999 Fellowship Programme

The Environmental Debate: "Spinning the Truth"

(In Conjunction with the St. Catharine's Foundation)

Cumberland Lodge
17-19 February 1999

Senior Fellows

Andy OliverHead, Health Safety and Environmental Unit, Shell International
Richard SandbrookDirector, International Institute for the Environment and Development


Issues and Dilemmas

Andy OliverHead, Health Safety and Environmental Unit, Shell International
Richard SandbrookDirector, International Institute for the Environment and Development

What is Objective Truth?

John VidalJournalist, The Guardian
Richard NorthFreelance Journalist

Of Genes and Oil – Business and Sustainable Development

Chris Gibson-SmithManaging Director, British Petroleum
Colin MerrittTechnical Manager for Biotechnology, Monsanto

The Role of NGOs in Motivating Change

Robin Grove-WhiteDirector, Centre for the Study of Environmental Change, Lancaster University
Kirsty HamiltonGreenpeace International
Charles SecrettExecutive Director, Friends of the Earth

Use and Abuse of Science in the Environmental Debate

Sir Robert MayChief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government and Head of Office of Science and Technology

Does Spin Affect Public Policy?

The Rt Hon John GummerMember of Parliament and former Secretary of State for the Environment

The Constraints of the Media

Simon Campbell-JonesProducer of "Scare Stories", BBC Television

Advertised Synopsis

Assessing the long-term impact on the environment of current industrial and agricultural practices is highly complex, and clear-cut scientific predictions are often impossible. There are also difficult trade-offs between environmental and economic interests, even when "sustainable development" is a declared common goal. The issues are inevitably simplified in debate and this conference will consider how far the public perception of environmental threats is shaped - or distorted - by the agendas of environmental movements, businesses, governments and the media, and in turn how those agendas are influenced by public reactions. The international dimension of the debate and of public policy will also be examined. To what extent is the public being badly informed with regard to environmental issues? In what ways might the standards of truth be raised?


The Reconstruction of Berlin and its new role in Germany and an EU expanding eastwards

Deutsche Bank Berlin Branch Headquarters
12-14 November 1999


Dr Hermann Freiherr von RichthofenFormer Ambassador of Germany to NATO and to the United Kingdom


The cultural and architectural significance of the reconstruction of Berlin

Dr Hans StimmannState Secretary, Berlin Senat

Berlin - Centre or Periphery?

Prof Dr Hagen SchulzeFree University of Berlin

Berlin's new role in an EU enlarging eastwards

Thomas KielingerDie Welt
Gerd WartenbergState Secretary, Berlin Senat

Scenarios for the economic future of Berlin

Frederick StüdemannBerlin Bureau, Financial Times

Berlin and its minorities

Barbara JohnBerlin Senat

The new image of Berlin

Volker Hassemer'Partner für Berlin'

Advertised Synopsis

Following closely upon the tenth anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall, this will be an opportunity to explore the reconstruction of Berlin and its renewed status as the capital of Germany. The weekend will include a tour of some of the main architectural projects, and guest speakers will lead discussions about how the city is coming to terms with its past and fashioning its future role in Germany's politics, economy and culture as well as in a European Union enlarging eastwards. By kind invitation of Deutsche Bank AG the seminar will be held at their Berlin Branch on Unter den Linden; the building also houses the Berlin Guggenheim Museum which we will visit.