2003 Conference Programme

1. Global civil society: expectations, capacities and the accountability of international NGOs

Merton College, Oxford
28 March - 5 April 2003






Senior Fellow

Dr Michael Williams Special Adviser to the UK Foreign Secretary; formerly with the UN and with Amnesty International


The exponential growth of international NGOs and expectations of them

Michael Edwards Ford Foundation

Globalization and new technologies: how will the structure of NGOs change?

Dr Helmut Anheier London School of Economics

General case study: Environmental NGOs

Richard Sandbrook Co-founder of  Friends of the Earth, until recently Director of International Institute for Environment and Development

Will NGOs increasingly become sub-contractors of governments,  corporations or the UN?

Dr Helmut Anheier London School of Economics

General case study: the Save the Children Fund

Mike Aaronson Secretary-General, Save the Children Fund UK

NGOs, politics and the media

John Clark Operations Policy Group, World Bank

Is humanitarianism fatally flawed?

David Rieff Author

Sleeping with the enemy: NGOs and combatants in conflict zones

Dr Michael Williams Senior Fellow

Case study: NGOs in the Great Lakes Region in the 1990s

Linda Melvern Investigative journalist and Honorary Fellow, University of Wales at Aberystwyth

NGOs, accountability and self-regulation

Alex Jacobs Mango

General case study: Amnesty International

Irene Khan Secretary-General, Amnesty International

Northern NGOs and the South: partnership or patronage?

Dennis McNamara Inspector General, UNHCR

Advertised Synopsis

The rise of NGOs both international and national was a marked feature of the closing decades of the 20th century. Especially following the collapse of the Soviet system, much faith was placed in a renewal of civil society and the capacity of voluntary associations to express aspirations and deliver services more creatively and responsively than governments. This conference will examine how far NGOs have met these expectations and how they might develop in the future. The different types of NGOs will be assessed alongside their changing relationships, both co-operative and antagonistic, with governments, inter-governmental organisations and corporations. How far are NGOs leaving governments behind in responding to the challenges posed by globalization, in terms of their flexibility and a growing sense - nurtured by ever more sophisticated communications technologies - of international responsibility for issues such as the environment, sustainable development and human rights? Conversely, how far are some NGOs encroaching on the proper sphere of democratically elected governments, or, as a result of their proliferation or zeal, thwarting the co-ordination necessary in an emergency or a conflict zone? What is the impact of NGOs on international business practices? How far might NGOs themselves need to become more business-like in their operations? How do funding concerns shape an NGOs mission? How can the creative potential of NGOs, and their accountability, be best maximized?

2. The Future of Higher Education: dilemmas and opportunities

(in collaboration with Cumberland Lodge)

Cumberland Lodge, Windsor
28 July - 3 August 2003


Senior Fellow

Baroness Warwick Chief Executive, Universities UK


How should universities respond to the challenges posed by globalization, economic change,and developments in the workplace? (I)

Prof Peter Scott Vice-Chancellor, Kingston University

The impact of new technologies and distance learning

Dr Robin Middlehurst University of Surrey

Creative diversity, the aim to be world class, equality of provision: where are the trade-offs?

Dr Aglaja Frodl German Academic Exchange Service, London
Lord Claus Moser Chancellor of Keele University, formerly Warden of Wadham College, Oxford

Extending access to higher education: how far, and in what ways, should this be made a priority?

Professor Nicholas Barr London School of Economics

Higher education and societies in transition: Moldova

Prof Valentina Teosa Moldova State University

How should universities respond to the challenges posed by globalization, economic change,and developments in the workplace? (II)

Dr Andrew Adonis Head of the Policy Unit, 10 Downing Street

Democratic accountability and academic freedom: what is the proper extent of, and what should be the limits to, government intervention in higher education?

Prof Kenneth Minogue London School of Economics
Hon. Nahas Angula Minister of Higher Education, Namibia

Do private and corporate universities, and/or corporate involvement in public universities, offer the best hope for maximizing innovation and funding in higher education?

Dr Joseph Duffey Senior Vice-President, Sylvan Learning Systems and formerly Asst. U.S. Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs

Research and teaching: how should the balance be struck?

Jonathan Rée Author and philosopher
Barbara Kehm University of Halle

Higher education and sustainable development

Sara Parkin Forum for the Future, London

Utility and values: what are universities for?

Dr Onora O’Neill Principal of Newnham College, Cambridge

Advertised Synopsis


Research, innovation, scholarship, international competitiveness, as well as the underpinnings of a prosperous society populated by intelligent well-informed citizens: the university is expected to deliver all of these. Can it? Or are these demands driving higher education in many places into crisis? This conference will examine some of the tensions, real or apparent, which this sector experiences around the world, and which affect the very nature of the university in individual countries. These dilemmas include the debate over broadening access as against the quality of teaching for a select group of students; the distribution of academic resources, or even entire institutions, between research and teaching; the search to be bodies of global importance while also serving national or local needs; the problem of differentiation between universities in a given country while maintaining some notion of equality; the difficulty of maintaining academic freedom in the face of even well-disposed governments seeking to advance policy objectives through higher education; the assessment of the best mix of public and private institutions (the latter running from traditional universities to those run by corporations) for a country; and questions relating to resources allocation between science, technology, and the humanities. Underlying all of these quandaries are the vexed questions of funding, of what knowledge will be important in future, of the best way to teach it, and of what students and employers expect of the university. Technological innovation increases uncertainty on the latter scores. In particular, how will it impact on the work place for which universities prepare so many, and how will it change the nature of teaching itself. On the other hand, what place remains for the ideal of the rounded, critical thinker, traditionally common to both the humanities and the sciences, when universities are under such pressure to provide those with the training to cope with our complex, technological world. Is the university an institution or an idea?


3. History, Policy, and Identity

(in collaboration with British Council Seminars)

Madingley Hall, Cambridge
7-15 October 2003


Senior Fellow

Neal Ascherson Author and Journalist


Readings and mis-readings of history: the making of group identities

Professor Norman Stone Middle East Technical University

Case study I: History in schools and the media: changing national identities in the UK

Professor Rob Phillips Institute of Education, Manchester Metropolitan University

Case Study II: Between Eurasia-centrism and Ethno-centrism: history textbooks in post-Communist Russia

Dr Victor Shnirelman Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Moscow

Case Study III: Ireland and its different histories

Professor Brian Walker Institute of Irish Studies, Queen's University Belfast

Controlling recent history: a video archive and the Milosevic regime

Dr Snjezana Milivojevic Faculty of Political Science, Belgrade University

History and the roots of conflict: the former Yugoslavia

Tim Judah Author of The Serbs and Kosovo: War and Revenge

TV and perceptions of the past

Paul Mitchell Wilton Films

Aborigines, interpretations of history and land claims

Eric Angel Public History, Winnipeg

Should there be laws against Holocaust denial?

Neal Ascherson Senior Fellow

The significance of truth-telling after conflict

Gugulethu Nxumalo Chief Director for Special Programmes, South African Department of Education

Chairman Mao's Red Guard Movement and its legacy for the generation involved and for contemporary politics

Dr Aiping Mu University of Cambridge

Political agendas and historical debates: a case study of Germany since 1945

Professor Mary Fulbrook University College London

Identities, community relations and contemporary perceptions of slavery and the slave trade

Professor Jim Walvin University of York

Advertised Synopsis

"Official History" could describe the dominant view of a country's past expressed in various public ways. A central one of these is prescribed school history curricula, which can affect students' world views for decades. Particular understandings of the past also inform and justify a host of policies in most states. It is thus no surprise that historical debates revolve around political, ethnic and other conflicts within a given society at least as much as around what actually happened in the past, and play a key role in the creation and evolution of defining national and sub-national myths. This conference will look at issues surrounding how a democratic society forms and changes its views about its history and, frequently therefore, of itself, including: the impact of history education and curricula; the effects of contending views of history on divided and post-conflict societies; self-conscious attempts to create unifying national historical records, such as truth and reconciliation commissions; active inculcation of new identities, such as the teaching of European history in a way to encourage a sense of European citizenship; and limits on how far individuals, asserting freedom of speech, may contradict views which have broad academic, public, and official sanction, such as laws in various countries on Holocaust denial. Whatever the integrity of historical scholarship, the perception of history in the public domain is often about the present as much as it is about the past.


2003 Fellowship Programme

Europe and the War on Terrorism

Scotland House, Rondpoint Schumann 6, Brussels
21-23 February 2003


How Europe can best pursue the war on terrorism

The Rt Hon Chris Patten European Commissioner for External Affairs

Electronic surveillance and the war on terror: privacy versus security

Maria Farrell International Chambers of Commerce, Paris

The nature and scope of the terrorist threat

Dr Magnus Ranstorp Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St Andrews

National policy and the European framework

Ria Oonk Head, European Union Division, Netherlands Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations

Brief Description


The war on terrorism has so far largely been shaped by the United States, but it poses a series of specific challenges to European policy makers which will test both the strength and the flexibility of the European Security and Defence Policy.  This seminar will explore scenarios for the development of ESDP, examining the adapted or new forms of co-operation which will be needed to counter a pervasive but indistinct threat, and assessing its impact on the relationship between Europe and the United States and on the responsibilities Europe may take on in other parts of the world.  The balance between European states and their citizens has also been brought into question, with regard to surveillance and privacy, and civil liberties more generally.  The seminar will question how far Europe is likely to be changed by the war on terrorism.  The Trust is grateful to the UK Foreign Office for its support of this event.


Russia and the West

Château Klingenthal, near Strasbourg
13-15 June 2003


Security I: Russia and Europe

Dr Bobo Lo The Royal Institute of International Affairs, London

Security II: Russia and the United States

Professor Yuri Fedorov Deputy Director, The Institute for Applied International Research, Moscow

Separatism, human rights and the international community: a case study of Moldova

Oldrich Andrysek UNHCR, Geneva

The integration of Russia in the global economy

Dr Ksenia Yudaeva Centre for Economic and Financial Research, Moscow

Brief Description

Since the time of Peter the Great there has been a tension between the idea of Russia as part of the West and that of Russia as a distinct entity. During the momentous changes of the last decade, Russia has been moving towards integration, with membership of the G8, a new relationship with NATO, and the prospect of membership of the WTO. Until the recent conflict over Iraq, this movement seemed to be symbolized in the close personal co-operation between Presidents Putin and Putin. What may be the lasting effects of the present crisis, and what new directions are likely be taken?  How will security policy develop in connection with defence reform, the relationship with NATO, and the war on terrorism? What will be the salient issues in connection with governance and human rights? What are the prospects for the Russian economy and how far will these depend on an evolving relationship with the European Union and membership of the WTO?


Globalization: rhetoric, reality and international politics

Congress, Washington DC
31 October-1 November 2003


Globalization and human rights

Mary Robinson Ethical Globalization Initiative, New York; former President of Ireland, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

Who is really benefiting and who is losing from globalization? I: The United States

Matthew Bishop World Business Editor, The Economist

Who is really benefiting and who is losing from globalization? II: The Developing World

Dr Ian Bremmer Eurasia Group
Dr Christian Weller Economic Policy Institute, Washington DC

Where is economic globalization headed? The Bretton Woods Institutions, the WTO and the fate of the Washington Consensus

Professor Lael Brainard Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution

Brief Description

For a number of years in the last decade, the processes loosely labelled "globalization" were trumpeted as an unstoppable dynamo bringing greater wealth to all, and in particular solutions to long standing problems of poverty and underdevelopment in many parts of the world. Now the phenomenon seems to be equally frequently portrayed as an out-of-control juggernaut responsible for exacerbating these problems, as well as adding to many of the world's other ills. This conference will try to look at who really is winning and losing through globalization, the effects of the anti-globalization movement, the fate of the Washington consensus and its impact on international financial institutions, and, finally, the compatibility of globalization and social justice.