2006 Conference Programme

1. Where is globalization heading?

(In partnership with the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association)

Parliament of Karnataka, Bangalore, India
13 - 19 May 2006

Senior Fellow

Professor Tim ShawDirector, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London


Globalization: how do we define it? what are the salient changes associated with it in the last 25 years?

Dr Rajiv KumarDirector, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations
Duncan LewisCarlyle Group

When and where does globalization advance progress towards the Millennium Development Goals - and when and where does it retard it?

Dr Sachin ChaturvediResearch and Information System for Developing Countries
Dr Jane ParpartLondon School of Economics

Will the process of global economic integration continue?  How far can it be managed by states separately or acting together?

Dr Jonathan PerratonSheffield University

What is the impact of globalization on civil society?

Professor Marc WilliamsUniversity of New South Wales

Case study: India and globalization I - What are the prospects for sustainable development?

Dr Pradeep Agrawal Institute of Economic Growth, University of Delhi
Professor Gita SenSir Ratan Tata Chair Professor, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore

Case study: India and globalization II - The creation of multi-national corporations from India - what role can an emerging economy play on the world stage?

Alan RoslingExecutive Director, Tata Sons

Getting globalization right: what should policy-makers be doing to maximize and spread benefits and to minimize harm?

Hon. Syed Muzaffar Hussain ShahSpeaker of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh, Pakistan

Advertised Synopsis

The huge, ill-defined complex of inter-related economic, technological and cultural changes which goes under the name of globalization has been trumpeted as either the solution to a vast range of problems or an uncontrolled juggernaut threatening many of the world's poorest individuals and countries.  This conference will bring together parliamentarians and individuals from other key areas to discuss, inter alia:

  • the nature of the phenomenon itself
  • who, in the developed and developing worlds, really will win and lose from these changes
  • how they might best contribute to, rather than detract from, development and poverty reduction
  • the state of international efforts to deepen global integration
  • the sources and effect of anti-globalization protests
  • some of the concerns to which globalization is giving rise: challenges to the ability of states to govern environmental risks how best to integrate poorer economies into the global one

One technique for considering these issues will be scenario building. Such an approach allows an integrated assessment of disparate strands of a question and generates outlines of a series of possible futures which can illuminate the opportunities and dangers ahead.


2. The Genetics Revolution

(In partnership with the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the Wellcome Trust and the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office)

Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Hinxton, nr Cambridge
20 - 26 August 2006



Senior Fellow

Professor Martin Bobrow    University of Cambridge


What’s in the pipeline? Genetic science in the coming decade

Professor Hans SchölerMax Planck Institute, Münster

What are the real dilemmas left in human genetics: stem cell research, cloning, genetic enhancement? How are attitudes changing?

Professor Michael BannerGenomics Policy and Research Forum The University of Edinburgh
Dr Robin Lovell-BadgeMRC National Institute for Medical Research, London

GM crops: fears and opportunities. Is the ‘precautionary principle’ striking the right balance?

Professor Vivian MosesProfessor of Biotechnology, Division of Life Sciences, King's College London
Dr Jonathan LathamDirector of Programmes and Outreach, Bioscience Resource Project, Ledbury

How well do the media inform the public debate about genetic science? Are there ways in which they could do it better?

Joachim Müller-JungFrankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
Claire BithellSenior Press Officer at the Science Media Centre

Governance and accountability: balancing democracy and efficiency, public and private interests, short and long term interests. Have we got the institutions right?

Dr Rudolf TeuwsenHead of the Office of the German National Ethics Council, Berlin
Dr Charlotte AugstUK Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority

Defining genetic information

Dr Ron ZimmernPublic Health Genetics Unit, Cambridge

Bio-informatics: how to maximize uses, minimize abuses

Professor Michael AshburnerDepartment of Genetics, University of Cambridge

DNA and forensic science: how to maximize uses, minimize abuses

Dr Robin WilliamsSchool of Applied Social Sciences, University of Durham

How can research best be encouraged? Patenting, the public/private balance, European initiatives

Dr Tim HubbardHead of Human Genome Analysis, the Sanger Institute

Globalization: how well balanced are competition and collaboration in the international research effort in genetic science? How equitable are its outcomes?

Dr John WainThe Sanger Institute
Professor Bin LiuAssistant Director, Beijing Genomics Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Advertised Synopsis

Recent advances in genetic science – human, animal and plant – have been dramatic in recent years, and more are promised for the coming decades, which are likely to be among the key developments of the 21st century. It is time to review both the science and the debates which surround it about how we best establish ethical boundaries while nurturing creativity in research and application, and, in the light of this, assess how well we are setting the direction of public policy in Europe and the world at large, and developing the relationship between science and society.  Topics will include: what can realistically be expected from genetic science in the coming decade; the ongoing debates which link ethics, risk and benefit (such as stem-cell research, cloning, the use of GM crops, xenotransplantation, and the enhancement of animals or even humans); how public engagement, governance, and accountability in these areas can best be improved and structured; issues of the ownership of individual and population genetic information, and the proper balance between its use and the privacy of individuals; as well as how best to encourage dynamic, responsible research, whether public or private, addressing needs both at the national and global level.


3. Study tour to Ukraine: What have been the consequences of the Orange Revolution?

(In collaboration with the John Smith Memorial Trust and in partnership with Asquith & Granovski Associates)

Kiev and Crimea
25 September - 3 October 2006

Tour Leaders

Baroness SmithJohn Smith Memorial Trust
John Lotherington21st Century Trust


Professor Valentin YakushikUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Dr Mychailo WynnyckyjUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Anastasia LeukhinaUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Dr Natalia ShulgaUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Dr Andriy MeleshevichUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Dr Myroslava AntonovychUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Dr Alexander DemianchukUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Dr Myhailo KirsenkoUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Kateryna MaksymUniversity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
Andrey KurkovNovelist, author of Death and the Penguin
Vitaliy KuchynskyDirector, Democratising Ukraine Small Project Scheme
Yuliya KovalevskayaMember of the Ukrainian Parliament
Olena LukashMember of the Ukrainian Parliament
Dr Alexei PlotnikovMember of the Ukrainian Parliament
Ivan PopeskuMember of the Ukrainian Parliament
Tania PopovaAll-Ukrainian Association of the Internet
Dr Serge AzarovLucky Net
Olexiy KovalInter TV
Thomas Eymond-LaritazDirector, the Pinchuk Foundation
Dr Victor NebozhenkoPolitical scientist, Director of ‘Ukrainian Barometer’
Ihor MityukovFormerly Minister of Finance and Ukraine’s ambassador to the UK
Vasyl ShevchenkoDeputy Chairman, the Ukrainian State Committee for TV and Radio Broadcasting

Advertised Synopsis

In 2004 the Orange Revolution was heralded as a decisive step forward in securing democracy in Ukraine, bringing corruption under control, and ushering in  new relationships with Russia, other European countries and the international community in general.   This study tour is intended to explore what has been achieved politically, economically and socially since the revolution, what remains to be done, and how perceptions have changed now that the immediate euphoria of victory on one side of the political divide, and the sense of defeat on the other, have dissipated. A further purpose of the tour is to consolidate links between Ukraine and other countries, particularly the UK, to exchange ideas and views of the world, to explore possibilities of development, and forge new links among the Fellows of both the 21st Century Trust Fellows and the John Smith Memorial Trust. We are most grateful to Asquith & Granovski Associates for their generous support of this study tour.


2006 Fellowship Programme

1. Emerging Economies: Risks & Opportunities for Sustainable Development?

(In partnership with the Environment Foundation)

St George’s House, Windsor Castle
21 - 23 January 2006

Possible futures for the world economy: the global impact of emerging economies by 2025

Dr Richard O’BrienOutsights
Doug MillerPresident, Globescan

Case study: China (I) What are the most salient challenges for sustainable development and how might they best be met?

Dr Pan JiahuaDirector, Global Change and Economic Development Programme/Research Centre for Sustainable Development, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Dr Vivek TandonCEO, Aloe Private Equity
Tessa TennantAssociation for Sustainable and Responsible Investment in Asia

Case study: China (II) - Civil society and sustainable development: the role of NGOs

Dr Lu YiyiRoyal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), London

What are the tensions for TNCs, and business in general, in the context of sustainable development in emerging economies?

Mandy CormackAldwyns
Jane NelsonCenter for Business and Government, Kennedy School, Harvard University
Dr Mukund RajanTata Group

Capacity development for the environment in emerging economies: lessons from CEE countries in transition

Professor Stacy VandeveerUniversity of New Hampshire

Brief Description

The purpose of the meeting is to identify the best strategies, given the new realities arising from emerging economies, to enhance sustainable development working through civil society, business, governments, and global governance.   The leading case study will be China, examining the relevant issues from the point of view of government and the economy and that of civil society.  Different possible futures will be assessed, and the meeting will feature a scenario-building exercise exploring risks.


2. The state, the market and social entrepreneurs: building alliances in meeting social needs

(with the generous assistance of the Paul Hamlyn Foundation)

London, UK
10 - 11 March 2006

Case study: Tour of Coin Street

Iain TuckettGroup Director, Coin Street Community Builders

Social entrepreneurs and profit: what can engagement in the market give and what might it take away?

Ian Charles StewartChairman, SevenPeaks Capital Ltd
Craig CohonCEO & Founding Partner, Globalegacy International

The social entrepreneur as hero: what can – or cannot – be achieved through focusing on individual change-makers?

Charles HandyAuthor, most recently of The New Philanthropists: Making a Difference
Rowena YoungDirector of the Said Business School Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship

Social entrepreneurs and the state: what is the potential in the relationship?  What are the hazards?

Geoff MulganDirector, The Young Foundation
Gerard LemosLemos and Crane, and Deputy Chair, British  Council

Case study: Slum Jam – meeting social needs in Nairobi

Cezary BednarskiArchitect

Learning from the past, looking to the future: how might social entrepreneurship develop in the coming decades?

Dr Pamela HartiganExecutive Director, The Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship

Brief Description

Social entrepreneurship is of growing significance as a dynamic response to problems in societies which are hard to address through established institutions.  Although difficult to pin down, and overlapping with areas like social enterprise and civil society, it can be defined as the adoption of an entrepreneurial approach in identifying and finding novel solutions for unmet social needs.  Infinitely varied in practice, it occurs within sectors – including government, business, and NGOs – as well as through co-operative ventures between actors from any or all of these. Looked to in some places as a way to bring private sector inventiveness to bear on issues usually ignored by the market, it is distrusted in others – especially where it takes a for-profit form – as a creeping commercialization of areas appropriate either to government or NGO-based solutions.  This conference will look critically at the phenomenon, and the extent to which it does offer a more creative way ahead in building flourishing societies.  The Trust would like to thank Coin Street Community Builders and the Paul Hamlyn Foundation for hosting this event.


3. What is the future of entrepreneurship?: national comparisons

(with the generous assistance of Deutsche Bank and the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office)

Deutsche Bank Headquarters, Frankfurt, Germany
6 - 7 April 2006

Entrepreneurship’s Changing Role

Sir Geoffrey OwenSenior Fellow, Institute of Management, London School of Economics, former editor Financial Times

Entrepreneurship in the UK and Germany: What’s life really like at the coalface

Dr Rebecca HardingSenior Fellow,  London Business School

Transatlantic differences: Who does it better and why?

Matthew BishopUS Business Editor, The Economist
Dr Ansbert Gadicke Founder & General Partner, MPM Group

The practitioners’ views: what are the prerequisites for a thriving entrepreneurial culture

David SoskinCEO, Cheapflights
Dr Wolfgang SoehngenCEO, Paion

The impact of finance structures and strategies on entrepreneurial success

Dr Clemens BörsigChief Financial Officer, Deutsche Bank

Brief Description

Entrepreneurship is seen as key to economic success, and it is increasingly recognised that social entrepreneurs are vital also to other aspects of community life.  Entrepreneurship in the United States is put forward by some as the role model to follow, but how far is that transferable into different social and cultural contexts?  At this seminar Germany and the UK will be taken as case studies of entrepreneurship in Europe. What is the essential character of entrepreneurship now and in what ways does it appear to be changing in the future?  Are there ways change should be encouraged further through education or other means at the national or European level?  Does an increasing emphasis on entrepreneurialism bring with it dangers as well as dynamism?  The Trust would like to thank the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and Deutsche Bank for their generous support of this event.


4. Homegrown Terrorism in Europe Today: Roots and Responses

(in cooperation with Cumberland Lodge)

Château Klingenthal, near Strasbourg
15 - 17 September

What are the ideological roots of jihadi terrorism in Europe?  Why do some European-born young Muslims find the ideology so attractive?

Professor George JoffeKing’s College, London

What is the scale and extent of the terrorist threat in Europe today? How is it likely to develop in the future?

Dr Peter NeumannDirector, Centre for Defence Studies, King’s College London

The Contemporary Debate: Uncertainties, Dilemmas and Limits

Paul SchulteSenior Visiting Fellow, Advanced Research and Assessment Group, UK Defence Academy

What can be done by states, Muslim communities, and civil society at large in Europe, to reduce the appeal of jihadi terrorism?

Professor Sami ZubaidaBirkbeck College, London

Brief Description

One distinction between terrorists and other criminals is adherence to an ideology which both motivates and justifies, in the perpetrators’ minds, various outrages in pursuit of a set of ends.  This conference will examine the thinking which underlies the actions of groups such as Al Qaeda and those that see themselves as its affiliates in Europe, as a precursor to considering how best to address the threat they pose.  Questions will include: What is the nature and history of the terrorists’ ideology?  What is its relationship to modernity, which it professes to reject but with whose totalitarian pathologies it has much in common and whose tools it readily adopts? Why is it so attractive to some young Muslims in Europe that they would take their own lives in support of it as well as those of their fellow citizens? What have been the enduring reactions to the Madrid and London bombings among Islamic and non-Islamic communities in Europe, and how can they best respond to the set of ideas which underlie the violence?  Along with the criminal prosecution of terrorists, what can and should communities do in terms of preventative action?


The Meaning of the 21st Century - Technology, environment, development, security: how do we foster the leadership necessary to ensure ‘survivability’ in an age of extremes?

US Congress, Washington DC
27 - 28 October 2006

The meaning of the 21st Century

Dr James MartinBusiness consultant, author and lecturer, and founder of the James Martin 21st Century School, Oxford University

The leadership challenge: how can leaders and institutions, responding to shorter-term political and economic pressures, ensure survivability in the future?

The Hon Robert WalkerChairman, Wexler & Walker Public Policy Associates, formerly Congressman and Chairman of the House Science Committee
Dr Joseph DuffeySenior Vice President, Laureate Education and formerly Asst US Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs

Bottom lines and long term risks: in what ways can and should business leaders be preparing better for the future?

Matthew BishopThe Economist

The 21st Century, the security challenge and the 'meaning' of technology

Professor Christopher CokerLondon School of Economics

Filling the Hobbesian Gap: Layers of Security in the 21st Century

Jerry HoweThe Olive Group

Sustainable development: what have we achieved?  What is there still to do?

Jane NelsonCenter for Business and Government, John F Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Brief Description

At the start of the 21st century, humanity faces several interlinked and pressing crises relating to environmental degradation, uneven economic development, and burgeoning threats to security, globally and regionally.  Individually or collectively these crises have the potential to undermine the developed world’s comfortable lifestyles as much as de-railing development in the rest of the world.  At the same time, a number of foreseeable technological innovations may be crucial in resolving these crises and, beyond that, hold the long-term promise of almost unimaginable improvements to the human condition - although the use of some new technologies present their own threats. The conference will look at the inter-relationships of these issues and explore from where the leadership to address them might come.  As James Martin, author of The Meaning of the 21st Century, and our keynote speaker, puts it ‘The 21st Century is an extraordinary time – a century of extremes.  We could create much grander civilizations, or we could trigger a new Dark Ages’.