2002 Conference Programme

1. The Precautionary Principle: risk, regulation and politics

Merton College, Oxford
5-13 April 2002

Senior Fellow

Dr Ragnar LofstedtKing's College London and Harvard School of Public Health


Learning from the past

Dr Michael RogersGroup of Policy Advisers, European Commission

Getting regulation right: the uses and limits of the precautionary principle

Bill DurodiéNew College, Oxford

Managing risk amidst globalization: how is precaution paid for?

Marie-Louise RossiCEO, International Underwriting Association, London

The cultural nature of risk

Professor Åsa BoholmGöteborg University

The consumer and the environment

Robin SimpsonNational Consumer Council, London

Managing risk amidst globalization: the role of NGOs

Professor Robin Grove-WhiteCentre for the Study of Environmental Change, University of Lancaster

An economist's perspective on the global warming debate

Dr Sally KaneSenior Economist, Office of Global Programs, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Industry and risk communication: a case study of telecommunications

Jo-Anne BasileVice President, External and Industry Relations, Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association, Washington DC

Communication and choice: the precautionary principle and democracy

Dr Andrew StirlingScience and Technology Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex

Speakers at Joint Session held with Goodenough College, London at its conference on Risk

Risk and Modern Life

Professor Heinz WolffBrunel University

Global warming: the politics of science

Aubrey MeyerGlobal Commons Institute
Richard D NorthMedia Fellow, Institute of Economic Affairs

How the Precautionary Principle is viewed in different cultures

Irah BorinagaDirector, Policy Studies Group, Philippines Senate
Elena SimakovaFormerly Public Information Officer, International Science and Technology Center, Moscow
Bertram WelkerProject Manager for Higher Education Reform, University of Greifswald, formerly Legislative Fellow for trade issues, Office of US Representative Tom Sawyer

Do we live in a culture of fear?

Dr Frank FurediUniversity of Kent
Professor Robin Grove-WhiteCentre for the Study of Environmental Change, University of Lancaster

Risk and reactions to 11 September

Prof. John AdamsUniversity College London
Dr Christopher CokerLondon School of Economics

Advertised Synopsis


As modern societies become increasingly aware of the possible benefits and costs involved in current lifestyles and the potential implications of scientific and economic innovation, the best way to manage the risks involved has become ever more disputed. This conference will look in particular at one potential solution to this difficulty, the Precautionary Principle, advanced especially by environmentalists. This concept, although its inherent caution holds appeal for many, does have complications: what exactly does it mean (over a dozen definitions exist), does it handcuff innovation, and is it as culturally specific an approach as any other? This latter will be a particular concern of the conference, because risk and regulation are inevitably international - actions in one state have environmental and other implications beyond its borders. Moreover, different cultures often approach risk differently, and resent the perceived outside imposition of excessive danger or caution. Another issue which the conference will address is the decline in public trust of institutions supposed to protect citizens, arising inter alia from often contradictory information about risks, and from certain high-profile failures of safety mechanisms - from BSE in Britain and elsewhere in Europe, through AIDS in the French blood supply to nuclear accidents in Japan. Restoring public trust - especially when risks are difficult to quantify - will be essential to the success of any regulatory system, as will finding the degree of public participation in this sometimes highly complex field, which appropriately balances safety, the possibility of beneficial innovation, and public acceptance.


2. Security, Independence and Liberty after September 11: balancing competing claims

Klingenthal Castle, near Strasbourg, France
12-18 May 2002

Senior Fellow

Dr Christopher CokerLondon School of Economics


Securitisation and terrorism

Professor Barry BuzanUniversity of Westminster

Globalization: new coalitions, new oppositions

Professor Zaki LaïdiCERI, Paris

The new networking of terrorism

Dr Magnus RanstorpCentre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St Andrews

Policing, the New Prudentialism, and Civil Liberties: the domestic dimension

Dr Les JohnstonUniversity of Portsmouth

Policing, the New Prudentialism, and Civil Liberties: the international dimension

Dr Christopher CokerSenior Fellow

International law - its enforcement or its distortion?

Professor Michael SchmittDirector, Executive Program in International & Security Affairs, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen

Developing World Reactions

Professor Brahma ChellaneyCentre for Policy Research, New Delhi

Advertised Synopsis

Shortly after the terrorist attack on the United States on September 11, former senator Gary Hart wrote that it marked the moment "the world crossed the threshold from war into crime". Such a view has profound implications not only for the counter-terrorist strategies of the future, but also for constitutional and legal norms, for policing, and for the interaction between government and society in general. This conference will discuss how terrorism and the fight against it may affect the exercise of freedom. It will begin by looking at the new terrorist networks that are part of our post-modern world and the extent to which globalization will continue to generate discontent and shape the strategies of the discontented. It will look at the problems posed for open societies in policing terrorism efficiently, particularly the extent to which 'securitisation', resorting to military means to deal with political challenges, may not always be the most effective way of meeting them. What are the immediate consequences for civil liberties of the 'new prudentialism' and 'preventative defence': the pro-active policing of the international order? How much will global counter-terrorist strategies distort international law and its enforcement? The conference will conclude by examining how the global coalition against terrorism is likely to hold up in the years ahead. Will policing the international order more effectively expose new cultural fault lines or divisions that may nullify what, to the surprise of many, has been the greatest example of international cooperation since 1945.


3. Culture, National Identity, and Public Policy: what role should governments and business play in the arts?   

Villa Monastero, Lake Como, Italy
6-14 September 2002





Senior Fellow

Lord Claus MoserChairman, British Museum Development Trust


The value of the arts from a philosophical perspective: in what respects might they be seen as public goods or simply as commodities for private consumption?

Professor Roger ScrutonAcademic philosopher, journalist, political activist and composer

What is the importance of the arts to national identities?

Dr George SchöpflinSchool of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London

What not to do with cultural policies in East and Central Europe: 'the case of the dead geese'

Andras TörökDirector, Hungarian Centre for Photography, formerly Deputy State Secretary for the Arts and Head of the National Cultural Fund of Hungary

Arts and communities: how best do they enliven each other?

Jennifer WilliamsCentre for Creative Communities, London
Christine Coker (discussant)National Foundation for Youth Music, London

High culture and popular culture: which cultural activities merit public support in a post-modern world, and who should be entitled to judge?

Richard ColesWriter and broadcaster, formerly member of Bronski Beat and The Comunards

A view from artists: what challenges lie ahead in the political and social context of the arts and how might the arts adapt?

Michael BerkeleyComposer and broadcaster
Jude KellyFormer Director of the West Yorkshire Playhouse
Tom PhillipsPainter, writer and composer

Commerce and creativity: How business-like must the arts be? What is the impact on the arts of sponsorship by business?

Russell Willis TaylorDirector, National Arts Stabilization, Baltimore

Broadcasting: the impact of new technologies on public provision and national cultures

Tim SouterHead of Broadcasting Policy Division, Department of Culture, Media and Sport, London

The growing economic importance of the creative industries, and the increasing significance of them for policy makers

Lydia KanIndependent consultant

Film-making in Armenia

Tigran XmalianDirector of the Yerevan Documentary Film Centre

The importance of the arts in urban regeneration

Cezary BednarskiStudio Bednarski, London

Advertised Synopsis


Creativity in the arts and the nurturing of traditions are generally felt to be public goods. But in what ways should they be a concern of public policy? Amidst globalization and proliferating channels of communication, do national identities and heritages need protection or will government action only fossilize national cultures? Public subsidies of the arts are increasingly under question, especially in countries where there are attempts to roll back the state. In these circumstances subsidies are often justified as promoting access and greater public participation in the arts, or as public investment in cultural industries. Does such subsidy provide vital support for the arts, or does it inhibit risk-taking and innovation, and encourage 'dumbing down'? In the United States the arts depend more than in most countries on private patrons and foundations for support. How well does this model work and how far can it be imitated elsewhere? In particular, what is likely to be the effect if ever more of the arts worldwide are dependent on business sponsorship? Broadcasting and architecture are two especially controversial areas where commerce, the public interest and the arts come together. With new technologies and the proliferation of choice, how is public service broadcasting changing, and how should government regulation be brought to bear if at all? How far do governments have a right to oversee the content of the arts which are dependent on public funding? Is this unwarrantable censorship, or accountability to democratically elected representatives? Architecture is a highly sensitive case when it comes to regulation. How far should planners be making aesthetic judgments? Looking at these cases and the arts as a whole, in the post-modern world when high culture and canons of taste are challenged as legitimate categories, are any authorities, including governments, in a position to judge what is worthy of support and protection?


4. Corporate Social Responsibility: rethinking the role of corporations in a globalizing world

Madingley Hall, Cambridge
3-11 October 2002


Senior Fellow

Sir Geoffrey OwenDirector of Business Policy Programme, London School of Economics


The global importance of CSR

Liz PadmoreAccenture

Historical overview: why has CSR gained currency in the present climate?

John KayLondon Business School

Embedding sustainable development in corporate practice

Noble PeppleShell International

How do you audit the triple bottom line amidst a multiplicity of codes?

Jeffrey Hantoverformerly Director, External Relations, Global Compliance, Gap Inc.

An economist's critique of CSR

David HendersonInstitute of Economic Affairs

An activist critique of CSR

Craig BennettFriends of the Earth

Mediating between business and citizens: the role of shareholder activists, NGO's and international organisations

Jane NelsonInternational Business Leaders Forum

CSR in practice: a case study from the pharmaceutical industry

Kathleen LayaGlaxoSmithKline
Jo NicollsOXFAM

Corporate responsibility and shareholder value

Edson Spencerformerly President of Honeywell and Chairman of the Ford Foundation

Applying universal standards in a diverse world: the dilemmas of transnationals in developing countries

Percy MistryChairman, Oxford International Group, Mumbai and Oxford

Looking ahead: some key forces shaping CSR in the coming decades

Richard O'BrienOutsights
Professor Robert McCorquodaleUniversity of Nottingham

Advertised Synopsis

The broad and varied recent changes which are subsumed under the often ill-defined rubric of globalization have sparked numerous debates. Among the most heated is that surrounding the proper role of corporations, in particular large trans-national ones, in today's world. This conference will look at the theoretical issues involved and at some of the attempts in practice to broaden the concerns of business from the purely financial. Is the contribution of business to society to supply the goods and services people need efficiently, or are there multiple bottom lines? Is there a conflict between the maximisation of shareholder value over the long term and broader social interests? Are states encouraging corporate citizenship for the greater good of all or to shift responsibilities from themselves? If a corporation truly wishes to factor in human rights, environmental, and labour concerns, how does it apply its standards (especially in the latter two areas) in countries with vastly different legal regimes, levels of development, or sources of comparative advantage? Moreover, how can its performance best be measured? Finally, what is the appropriate role for shareholder activists, NGOs and international organizations, - such as the United Nations and its Global Compact - in mediating between business and citizens and how does the state fit into this dialogue?


2002 Fellowship Programme

NATO, the EU, and the Middle East: security scenarios

Middle East Technical University, Ankara
25-27 October 2002


The United States, the War on Terror and implications for the region

Steven SimonAssistant Director, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London
Prof Ali KaraosmanogluChair, Dept of International Relations, Bilkent University

Turkey's defence budget and weapon structure in the region

Lale SariibrahimogluTurkey Correspondent, Jane's Defence Weekly

Turkey and the Middle East: A State Bestriding the Faultlines

Prof. Meliha AltunišikMiddle East Technical University, Ankara

Dinner Speaker

President Suleyman DemirelFormer President of Turkey

Who speaks for Europe and What is the Message?: the roles of NATO, the EU, and European National Governments

Bruce ClarkInternational Security Editor, The Economist
Prof Seyfi TashanPresident, Foreign Policy Institute, Bilkent University

Finding the Right Problem to Fix: underlying causes of instability and terrorism in the region

Dr Christopher CokerLondon School of Economics
Prof Dr Ahmed DavudogluBeykent University, Istanbul

Brief Description

The Middle East has been a flashpoint of conflict for over fifty years, a situation which looks unlikely to end soon. The events of September 11 and those which followed have only added to the region's uncertainty and its international importance. This conference will examine where the security situation might be headed, with a particular emphasis on the possible results, for good or ill, of the interplay between Western and local actors.

The Trust would like to express its thanks to Prof Huseyin Bagci and his team for all their help in organizing and running this conference, and to METU for hosting it.